Session 47

Governing and Managing High-Tech Collaborations

Track N

Date: Tuesday, October 9, 2012


Time: 17:30 – 18:45


Room: Meeting Hall V

Session Chair:

  • Hans Frankort, City University London

Title: Factor- and Product-market Commonality and Resource Complementarity in R&D Alliances: Evidence from Continued Co-patenting


  • Douglas Miller, Rutgers University
  • Bongsun Kim, Korea University Business School
  • Eonsoo Kim, Korea University

Abstract: “Why would competitors cooperate?” is one of the fundamental questions in the strategic management field. Co-patenting, one particular form of alliance, has significantly increased in recent decades in relative and absolute terms. However, firms in general prefer standard patents to co-patenting given the possible legal complications; therefore, it is not clear why companies would want to share their patents with other companies. Furthermore, what makes firms repeatedly engage in co-patenting? Drawing upon existing theories of competitive dynamics and innovation, we move from notions of mutual forbearance to explanations for outright, ongoing cooperation. This study proposes that similarity but not complete overlap in factor markets, product markets, and technological resources creates conditions in which co-patenting goes beyond a second-best choice to become a preferred strategy.

Title: International Collaboration and Innovation In Professional and Technological Knowledge-Intensive Services


  • Alicia Rodríguez, Carlos III University of Madrid
  • Maria Nieto, Carlos III University of Madrid
  • Lluís Santamaria Sánchez, Carlos III University of Madrid

Abstract: The study analyzes the differentiated role of international collaboration on innovation in technological and professional knowledge-intensive business services. We argue that key aspects of the innovation process such as the nature of the knowledge and social embeddedness may explain different effects of international collaboration on innovation performance. The paper also proposes that the benefits of international collaboration differ depending on the sectoral context. The hypotheses are tested via a large sample of Spanish knowledge-intensive business services for the period 2004-07. The results confirm our hypotheses and show that proximity to international partners is more important for professional knowledge-intensive services, while diversity in international collaboration is more important for technological knowledge-intensive services.

Title: Mitigating Transaction Hazards of Inter-firm Alliances: The Interplay of Governance Form and Contractual Complexity


  • Evila Piva, Polytechnic University of Milan
  • Massimo Colombo, Polytechnic University of Milan
  • Stephanie Schleimer, Griffith University

Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between governance form (equity vs. non-equity) and specific contract design decisions, namely decisions regarding contractual complexity (defined as the number and stringency of alliance contract provisions). In particular, relying on TCE we study how governance form and contractual complexity mitigate two different types of transaction hazards, namely appropriability and hold-up hazards. In order to distinguish these hazards, we focus on two factors that are related to the extent of the hazards and influence alliance governance decisions: the alliance intent (i.e., pursuing exploration vs. exploitation objectives) and the similarity of partnering firms’ technological fields (technological proximity).

Title: Understanding Product Innovation Effects of Technological Diversity in Alliance Portfolios


  • Hans Frankort, City University London

Abstract: This study begins to unpack the knowledge assembly process linking technological diversity within firms’ technology alliance portfolios to their product innovation. Preliminary analysis of 8,368 new product announcements by 76 U.S. firms engaged in technology alliances within the information technology industry during 1994-2000 offers three findings: (1) product innovation peaks at intermediate technological diversity; (2) the optimal technological diversity is substantially smaller for firms acquiring rather than accessing their alliance partners' knowledge; and (3) knowledge acquisition represents one causal mechanism linking technological diversity to product innovation, though knowledge accessing appears to be the dominant mechanism by far.

All Sessions in Track N...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 100: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Cooperative Strategies
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 101: Practicing Cooperative Strategies
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 102: Research Methods in Cooperative Strategies
Sun: 15:15 – 16:30
Session 46: Value Creation and Capture in Alliances
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 44: Network Contingencies and Alliance Performance
Mon: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 50: Trust and Relational Governance
Mon: 13:30 – 14:45
Session 45: New Perspectives on Alliance Termination
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 51: Resource- and Knowledge-Based Views of Cooperative Strategies
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 248: Cooperation and Industry Contingencies
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 247: Cooperative Strategies
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 48: Managing Alliance Dynamics
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 49: Organizational Learning and Alliances
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 47: Governing and Managing High-Tech Collaborations

Strategic Management Society