Session 242

R&D

Track I

Date: Monday, October 8, 2012

 

Time: 08:00 – 09:15

Common Ground

Room: Terrace 1


Facilitator:

  • C. Annique Un, Northeastern University

Title: Environmental Scanning as an Element of Innovation Process Planning: Context of Management Horizons

Authors

  • Magdalena Jurczyk-Bunkowska, Opole University of Technology

Abstract: The article presents an original approach to innovation process planning which involves identification of expected effects before the idea generation stage. Those effects are related to the company’s goals in short, medium and long-term perspective. Division of innovation processes into corresponding categories was introduced. Different management methods and tools are applied within particular category in every stage of the innovation process. Therefore, the offered classification is essential to design knowledge management systems. The paper shows the previously mentioned differences in the perspective of applied methods and scope of environmental scanning which has to be conducted in order to identify the innovation process goals. All the notions are basing on observations made during research of several Polish enterprises- innovation leaders.

Title: Forgetting and the Sustainability of Firm R&D Productivity

Authors

  • Amit Jain, National University of Singapore

Abstract: Organizational memory scholarship has shown that experience often accumulates in operations, affecting firm performance over time. Most research in this field has focused on organizational learning, finding that the rate at which firms learn from their experience varies across industries and even across firms within an industry. In comparison to learning, little organizational memory research has examined rates of organizational forgetting, which reflect the erosion of knowledge stocks over time. This paper argues that the rate of forgetting will tend to vary across firms, which will cause differences in the level of knowledge stock that firms retain and of the performance that follows. Consequently, firms with greater forgetting rates will find it more difficult to sustain a competitive advantage over time.

Title: How Does Regional R&D Decentralization Shape the Invention Value Distribution?

Authors

  • Raffaele Conti, Catholic University of Portugal

Abstract: This study explores the relationship between regional R&D decentralization and the invention value distribution. Specifically, decentralization might affect the tails of such distribution in two distinct ways. First, trough a stochastic parallel R&D path effect, which increases the likelihood of both extremely good and extremely poor inventions. Second, through complementarities between R&D paths, which increase the likelihood of extremely good inventions, while decreasing even more the likelihood of extremely poor inventions. This paper aims at understanding which mechanism, if any, is the most important. Estimations accounting for endogeneity show that decentralization affects the invention value distribution through a complementarity mechanism.

Title: R&D Choice and Subsequent Optimal Entry Strategies: Time-To-Market and Product Innovativeness

Authors

  • Yeolan Lee, University of Alabama in Huntsville

Abstract: Scholars have debated over the existence of first-mover advantages. Some scholars have found the advantages of early time-to-market (e.g. Robinson, 1988; Agarwal, Sarkar, & Echambadi, 2002; Lieberman & Montgomery, 1988, 1998), while other scholars have found the advantages of late time-to-market (e.g.Golder & Tellis, 1993; Lilien & Yoon, 1990). In this paper, we build theoretical and mathematical models to understand how the R&D mode of a firm affects its time-to-market and product innovativeness decisions simultaneously, and consequently determines entry performance. Through simulation modeling, we found that an early time-to-market decision with a relatively low innovative product is optimal for licensing R&D mode, and a late time to-market decision with a relatively high innovative product is optimal for in-house R&D mode.

Title: Task Experience, Past Experience Diversity and R&D Performance

Authors

  • Antonio Garzon Vico, University College Dublin
  • Patrick Gibbons, University College Dublin
  • Peter McNamara, University College Dublin

Abstract: Even though one tenet in the R&D development literature is that organisations performance benefits from experience in prior projects, we posit that any potential benefit depends on how this experience is contextualised. This article seeks to address the conditions under which R&D firm's experience might have stronger or weaker effects on performance outcomes. In particular, we look at how past experience diversity and task experience affect R&D project performance. We further propose that in order to better understand how firms can correctly leverage their experience they need to consider the effects that the interactions of both factors have on performance. To test this model, we draw on a data set of 3,034 drug development projects undertaken by 30 large pharmaceutical companies between 1980 and 2008. Using a competing risk event history model predicting drug approval versus project termination, we find support for our model.

Title: The Effect of R&D Intensity on Employee Downsizing: An U-Shaped Relationship

Authors

  • José David Vicente-Lorente, University of Salamanca
  • José Angel Zuñiga-Vicente, King Juan Carlos University

Abstract: This study examines the effect of R&D intensity (representing the level of firm specific technological knowledge) on employee downsizing. Prior research in the field of management has been focused on the impact of employee downsizing on innovation activities but not in the relationship explored in our study. In developing a theoretical foundation for explaining the potential link between the level of R&D intensity of a firm and downsizing, we draw primarily from Transaction Cost Economics, the Knowledge-Based View, the Resource-Based View, and Relational View. The empirical setting is a sample of Spanish manufacturing firms from 1994 to 2006. The results provide strong support for an U-shaped relationship between the level of R&D intensity and the propensity of firms to carry out important reductions in workforce.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 274: Knowledge Foundations: A Conversation with Robert Grant about the Knowledge Based View
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 273: Big Data, Knowledge and Innovation
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 275: The Changing Nature of Innovation in Emerging Economies
Sun: 15:15 – 16:30
Session 225: Intellectual Property Rights
Session 229: Structure and Innovation
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 223: Individuals, Teams and Innovation
Session 242: R&D
Mon: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 140: Knowledge Management & Knowledge Structures: Who knows?
Session 226: Technology
Session 235: Learning
Mon: 13:30 – 14:45
Session 222: Integrating Knowledge about Knowledge Integration
Session 227: Knowledge Transfer and Replication
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 224: Absorptive Capacity
Session 236: Innovation and Performance
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 230: Ties, Networks, and Innovation
Session 237: Open Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 228: Exploration
Session 231: Alliance and Transfer
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 234: Incumbent Response to Foreign Entry and to Disruptive Innovation
Session 240: Capabilities
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 233: Structure and Transfer
Session 243: Entrepreneurs, Ventures, and Innovation
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 232: Innovation and Transfer
Session 239: Ambidexterity / Exploration and Exploitation
Session 244: Knowledge Management


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