Session 232

Innovation and Transfer

Track I

Date: Tuesday, October 9, 2012

 

Time: 17:30 – 18:45

Paper

Room: Club B


Session Chair:

  • Yang Fan, Erasmus University-Rotterdam

Title: The Impact of Mission-Oriented Initiatives on University Research: The Case of Nanotechnology in the U.S

Authors

  • Hyun Ju Jung, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
  • Jeongsik Lee, Drexel University

Abstract: We examine how the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a most recent U.S. government’s mission-oriented initiative, impacts the nature of university research in nanotechnology. We characterize the NNI as a policy intervention that targets the commercialization of technology and a focused research direction to promote national economic growth. We expect that the NNI has brought about unintended consequences in terms of the direction of university-industry knowledge flows and the characteristics of university research output in nanotechnology. Our preliminary analysis of about 4,000 U.S. nanotechnology patents provide some evidence that, for U.S. universities, the NNI has increased knowledge inflows from the industry and diminished the branching-out to novel technologies, the research scope, and the likelihood of technological breakthroughs, as compared to other U.S. and non-U.S. research institutions.

Title: Utilization of External Knowledge Resources: How Much Does Firm Scope Matter?

Authors

  • Nandini Lahiri, American University
  • Sriram Narayanan, Michigan State University

Abstract: In this paper we examine how well firms are able to leverage the resources that the portfolio alliances allow them access to. In particular we focus on understanding the effect of distribution of portfolio knowledge resources on the focal firm’s innovation. We hypothesize boundary conditions that affect the impact of portfolio characteristics on innovation. We propose that the focal firm’s vertical scope, its own geographic and technological distribution of resources moderate the impact of the portfolio distribution of knowledge resources. Using a novel dataset of 282 semiconductor firms over the years 1988-2002 collated from multiple sources including the US Patents and Trademarks Office, SDC Thomson, Compustat and other industry sources, we find some support for our hypotheses.

Title: Witholding the Ace: The Performance Effects on Knowledge Hoarding

Authors

  • James Oldroyd, Brigham Young University
  • Joel Evans, Sungkyunkwan University
  • Michael Hendron, Brigham Young University

Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of knowledge hoarding on individual and unit performance. We predict that knowledge hoarding allows individuals to improve personal performance through arbitrage, but coworker perceptions of hoarding diminish the individual’s performance,these relationships are moderated by the individual’s level of expertise, and withholding and perceived hoarding are both detrimental to unit performance. Analyzing 297 individuals embedded in 41 units in the US Forest Service, we found that those who hoard knowledge performed better than their peers, while coworker perceptions of hoarding negatively affected this performance. We also found that expertise moderated the effects of perceived hoarding but had no effect on self-reported hoarding. Both withholding and perceived hoarding were detrimental to unit performance. Collectively, our results reveal the mixed fortunes that result from knowledge hoarding in organizations.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 274: Knowledge Foundations: A Conversation with Robert Grant about the Knowledge Based View
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 273: Big Data, Knowledge and Innovation
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 275: The Changing Nature of Innovation in Emerging Economies
Sun: 15:15 – 16:30
Session 225: Intellectual Property Rights
Session 229: Structure and Innovation
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 223: Individuals, Teams and Innovation
Session 242: R&D
Mon: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 140: Knowledge Management & Knowledge Structures: Who knows?
Session 226: Technology
Session 235: Learning
Mon: 13:30 – 14:45
Session 222: Integrating Knowledge about Knowledge Integration
Session 227: Knowledge Transfer and Replication
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 224: Absorptive Capacity
Session 236: Innovation and Performance
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 230: Ties, Networks, and Innovation
Session 237: Open Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 228: Exploration
Session 231: Alliance and Transfer
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 234: Incumbent Response to Foreign Entry and to Disruptive Innovation
Session 240: Capabilities
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 233: Structure and Transfer
Session 243: Entrepreneurs, Ventures, and Innovation
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 232: Innovation and Transfer
Session 239: Ambidexterity / Exploration and Exploitation
Session 244: Knowledge Management


Strategic Management Society

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