Session 226

Technology

Track I

Date: Monday, October 8, 2012

 

Time: 09:30 – 10:45

Paper

Room: Club C


Session Chair:

  • Mary-Anne Williams, University of Technology, Sydney

Title: A Behavioral Theory of Technological Entry: Performance Feedback, Uncertainty and Firms’ Entry in Emerging Fields

Authors

  • Elisa Operti, ESSEC Business School
  • Gianluca Carnabuci, University of Lugano
  • Balazs Kovacs, Stanford University

Abstract: We build on the behavioral theory of the firm to shed light on the conditions under which incumbents are more likely to invest in an emerging technological field. Drawing on performance feedback models, we contend that an established firm is more likely to invest in emerging (and riskier) technologies when its performance falls below its aspiration level. However, augmenting received research in this area, we argue that firms’ assessment of performance attainment is based on the interpretation of unclear, sometimes contrasting, internal and external signals. Accordingly, we posit that the extent to which incumbent firms respond to performance feedback varies with two types of uncertainty impacting their ability to assess performance-aspiration gaps. We plan to test our theoretical predictions on a panel dataset describing the activities of established semiconductor designers and manufacturers in the emerging field of nanotechnology field between 1980 and 2002.

Title: Buyer Behavior in Markets for Technology: Technology Proximity between Firm Portfolio and In-Licensed Patents

Authors

  • Ayfer Ali, Carlos III University of Madrid
  • Iain Cockburn, Boston University

Abstract: Research on demand in markets for technology is limited. We address this gap by using a new dataset of patents available for licensing from a large, innovative academic medical center (AMC). We observe all firms that showed interest in these patents by signing a confidentiality agreement and later decided to license or not license the technology. We hypothesize that demand is influenced by complementary technologies in the licensing firm. We measure technology proximity using overlap of nested International Patent Classes between the AMC patent and the firm’s own technology. We find firms are more likely to license technologies that are close to their own at the broadest proximity measure level but higher proximity at the granular level, conditional on high-level proximity, inhibits licensing.

Title: Patterns of Convergence between Technological Fields

Authors

  • Fredrik Hacklin, ETH Zurich
  • Martin Wallin, Chalmers University of Technology

Abstract: This paper contributes to understanding the phenomenon of technological convergence. We define and measure convergence as the convolution of two processes: the reuse of technical knowledge across technological fields and individual-level boundary-spanning activities between these fields. The construct is applied to investigate the patterns of blending between the fields of information technology and telecommunications, which jointly have shaped today’s information and communication technology (ICT) industry. Using a bibliometric dataset of 400’000 papers in 124 journals published between 1954–2009 we find that: (i) the reuse of technological knowledge across technological fields precedes individual-level boundary spanning activities, but is subsequently overtaken by the latter; (ii) the crossing of technological boundaries initially occurs at the organizational level but is subsequently shifted towards the individual agent.

Title: Technological Resources Reconfiguration and Organizational Scope: A Longitudinal Analysis

Authors

  • Jean-Michel Viola, ESC Rennes School of Business
  • Jean-Philippe Timsit, ESC Rennes School of Business
  • Desislava Yankova, Strafitech

Abstract: This paper explores the evolution of the technological resource portfolio of Technicolor, formerly known as Thompson, a global leader in entertainment services and digital delivery. We investigate the effect of technological resources recombination on the scope of the firm. We analyze the firm’s 9,413 patents and their 60,000 citations over a thirty-one years period from 1980 to 2010. We apply co-citation analysis to track technological roots over time. We show that the evolution of the technological portfolio is not additive or hierarchical, but combinatorial through the implementation of technological resources; the firms evolves its technological resources profile according to its technological strategy following three phases: emergence-dissemination-reconfiguration; and the evolution of the technological portfolio is founded on specific technological resources which are the pivots of the evolution of the firm.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 274: Knowledge Foundations: A Conversation with Robert Grant about the Knowledge Based View
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 273: Big Data, Knowledge and Innovation
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 275: The Changing Nature of Innovation in Emerging Economies
Sun: 15:15 – 16:30
Session 225: Intellectual Property Rights
Session 229: Structure and Innovation
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 223: Individuals, Teams and Innovation
Session 242: R&D
Mon: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 140: Knowledge Management & Knowledge Structures: Who knows?
Session 226: Technology
Session 235: Learning
Mon: 13:30 – 14:45
Session 222: Integrating Knowledge about Knowledge Integration
Session 227: Knowledge Transfer and Replication
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 224: Absorptive Capacity
Session 236: Innovation and Performance
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 230: Ties, Networks, and Innovation
Session 237: Open Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 228: Exploration
Session 231: Alliance and Transfer
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 234: Incumbent Response to Foreign Entry and to Disruptive Innovation
Session 240: Capabilities
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 233: Structure and Transfer
Session 243: Entrepreneurs, Ventures, and Innovation
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 232: Innovation and Transfer
Session 239: Ambidexterity / Exploration and Exploitation
Session 244: Knowledge Management


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